REPORT on a trip to the University of Pittsburgh and Albany (United States)

(Slide 1) REPORT on a trip to the University of Pittsburgh and Albany (United States) 06.17.2016 to 07.06.2015

(Slide 2) The delegation visited the University of Pittsburgh (QS 113), Carnegie Mellon University (QS 62), University at Albany (QS 601-650), Polytechnic Institute Renselera (QS 356). The delegation included Secretary of liability MES Rakhimzhanov AM, Pro-Rector for Academic Affairs, Kazakh National University. Al-Farabi Ahmed Zaki D., Head. Department of ENU. LN Gumilyov E. Sabitov

(Slide 3) There was a lecture on the US system of higher education.

In the US, there is no uniform state system of education, each state has the right to determine its own structure. Schools in the United States can be divided into public and private.

Financing of the state is carried out at the expense of the state; As a rule, the number of students it is slightly larger than the partial, but typically lower training costs. Each state has at least one state university or college.

Private institutions are funded by tuition fees, various grants and donations; In addition, influential and wealthy graduates often try to maintain their “alma mater”.

The procedure of admission and selection of students in the US higher education institutions depends on their type and prestige, and depending on it may be an open, competitive and selective. There are no uniform requirements for applicants. In particular, some universities carry out the selection by competitive examinations, interviews, testing, others only condition is the presence of secondary education (for example, an outdoor reception in the 2-year college). The general requirement for admission to the university is to present documents on the completion of secondary school; a list of the studied school subjects and estimations; the total number of points on the tests on the ability and knowledge, recommendations, and characteristics of school administration of teachers, results of the interview for admission.

Scheduled arrival and departure of experts on a national scale does not exist. Each high school student generates contingent on your system without having to worry about whether all the full course will be able to finish and where “selfdistribute”. Formally, the US universities accept the person of any age. Training time is also not limited, because of the need to pay for training.

After graduating from high school to continue their education can be in college, college or university; with a slight simplification of these concepts can be considered synonymous – universities are distinguished by a large number of students and a few more advanced degree programs as compared to the colleges, which are usually limited to the provision of a bachelor’s degree.

Higher education in the US includes three degrees – bachelor (bachelor`s degree), Master (master`s degree) and Doctor (doctor`s degree).

To obtain a bachelor’s degree training period is usually four years. Education on bachelor’s degree in the United States called the undergraduate; the most common in the United States bachelor degrees are academic (bachelor of science degree) and humanitarian (bachelor of arts degree).

In the case of a two-year training program (for example, in so-called community college) student receives associate (associate degree); the owner of this degree can continue their studies for a bachelor’s degree, and in this case its two years of training will be credited (the student is transferred to the third year of study). Such a method is also interesting that the cost of education in the community college is relatively small.

Master’s degree (graduate) – the next level after a bachelor; training period is usually one to three years. As well as undergraduate, there are scientific and humanitarian master’s degree and Ph.D. A doctor of philosophy degree.

Doctorate (postgraduate education) will get to those who want to become a doctor, a teacher or a college or a university, for example, a lawyer, or to engage in further various studies. Obtaining a doctorate implies eventually the writing and defense of a dissertation. Duration of training depends on the chosen specialty, but is usually at least five years after receiving a bachelor’s degree.

American universities are not only sufficiently flexible system of selection of items of interest, but also the possibility of relatively simple transition from one institution to another after the end of a course.

The school year usually begins in late August – early September and lasts until May and June; summer holidays are longer, there are also short breaks for winter holiday (Christmas) and the spring.

In the US, a great number of educational institutions of various levels, named in honor of various political figures, prominent historical personalities, or just people who donated funds for the establishment or operation of this institution.

There are about 4500 high schools in the country. During semstra students are between 15 and 21 credits. Avkkreditatsiya programs important and emerging private pordke. There narekgionalnom level (Association of Midwestern states, colleges and universities) and specialty (Board of Engineering and Technology).

(Slide 4) University of Pittsburgh.

It was founded in 1787. Famous for medical research.

The University includes 16 faculties.

We visited the Institute of innovation.

In 1980, the US Congress passed a law Baia-Dole by MDM universities for the first time were able to obtain patents for inventions and receive their royalties. 2% of the US patents fall on universities (of which 16% of medicine, pharmaceuticals 9%).

Earlier, the students wanted to work in large companies, they are now more willing to take risks and want to start their own business. The University must be prepared for entrepreneurship.

University delivers up to 300 applications for invention in the year among the top ten in the US on this indicator. 80% of applications in the pharmaceutical, computer science and medicine.

There is a course “Economic establish their own businesses.” Some teachers and students who attended the course, reject the idea of ​​creating a startup. Then, contests, prizes of 10 thousand to 150 thousand dollars. 5% University of startup takes currently. Tax incentives for startups sometimes provide the local authorities of the state.

A scientist can spend one day a week on the advice of his own company with pay; a leave of absence of up to two years.

Grant name, his professor can take home with them to another university.

(Slide 5-6) Research center for microscopy.

Designed to attract different professors at once in one place. Buy a microscope easily, it is difficult to find him a qualified technician. Employees 5 (direction of lithography, sputtering, electron microscopy, spectrography). You can win a grant for the purchase of equipments. Hourly pay for the use of the equipment is removed from the grant.

Order and control of equipment is carried out from the website. For example, for light microscope payment of $ 50 per hour.

(Slide 7-8) Faculty of Engineering.

3000 students, 500 graduate students, 5,000 doctoral students. biotechnology programs, computer technology, electronics and materials science. Funding from the central government only 2 million. Dollars a year. Research: industrial automation, mechanics, new approaches to the production, study of impurities and additives, corrosion at high temperatures, implants. 66 students have written applications for projects.

(Slide 9) Carnegie Mellon University.

The University conducts research in the field of science and technology innovation in the areas of IT-technologies, robotics and artificial intelligence. The University is also known in many other areas, including management, economics and linguistics. It has partnerships with IBM and other well-known companies.

Education in computer science, engineering, business and economics, civil service, information systems, psychology, entertainment, technology, social and management sciences (decison science) and art is one of the best.

(Slide 10) Job Center.

Conduct interviews with students one-on-one and arranges large seminars. Learn how to write a resume, how to pass an interview. Give skills. Staff 23 people (13 counsel, 5 communication with employers). Guide students on Day 1 to the plant, where they go for the employee and the shadow look. Practice as parvo, the students themselves are in the summer.

There is a system of “Handshake”, where employers are registered, posting the job, the students spread resume.

The educational program “Machine Learning”. Learn how to make algorithm, assessment of complex graphic systems, the study of the statistical characteristics. 52 doctoral, 20 master’s degree. Interdisciplinary approach.

(Slide 11) Institute of Engineering.

140 full-time faculty + 80 is drawn from the 1800 bachelors. 1200 undergraduates, 800 doctoral students. Interdisciplinary approaches: biometrics, cyber security, the creation of artificial organs, nanomaterials in medicine. Build a clean room. The YouTube page has a channel, where clips are laid out all the scientists to develop. 1 course standard, social sciences plus engineering. Then choose the discipline. Every week, business representatives do a workshop. 30% of bachelors go to graduate school. Pass a qualification exam is 2-3 persons from 150 accreditation programs conducted every 5-6 years. 125 credits for 4 years. 1 credit – 1 hour audience plus 2 CDS. 10% of local students coming in, the rest from other cities and countries.

The cost of 60,000 dollars, but the available grants, rebates.

(Slide 12) The two-year college commit.

early involvement of students in the college program. More than 45 business partners. Graduates make a project, it is essentially a business plan. All teachers work as partners. The concrete topics, such as improving the environmental situation. 5 times a week, spend 3 hours in college, then go to their schools.

There is agreement on the re discipline standings. Teachers her, but have been certified by the university. Duplication of programs is not allowed. The cost of college $ 200 per semester plus textbooks and supplies. 3-5 courses per semester. 33 credits per year. There is discipline “College-forms”, explaining how to study in college. About 12 thousand students.

(Slide 13) Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute

Private University in the US. Located in Troy, NY. The focus is on science and technology. In particular, the priorities in the field of research highlighted five areas: biotechnology, energy and the environment, nanotechnology, computing and information technology, research in the field of Media and Arts. The university has about 7,000 students.

(Slide 14) Technopark.

Licensing and selling or creating sobsvtennyh enterprises. Center 600 hectares, 67 companies involved 2118 workers. Univeristeta Duty – protecting research. If the university does not submit a patent, the professor can he patented his invention, but 1% will still deduct in tchenie year. The government does not interfere in the work of the Technopark (energy, water, climate, infrastructure, sustainable development, global market, culture, communication).

There accelerators – the summer training courses in entrepreneurship. 6 weeks for 6 hours. Granites get for 3-5 years. Then start. 22 companies in the portfolio. Money for the services is not taken, then a percentage of profits. incubation period of 2-5 years.

(Slide 15-16) University at Albany

More than 17 300 students expansive capabilities of a large research university and the environment designed to promote success.

Academic programs

UAlbany students choose from undergraduate and 120 minors and more than 125 graduate programs. Many of these programs are nationally ranked, including criminal justice, information and control technology (computer science), public administration, social welfare, public health and sociology.

To improve the lives of people of science and education

In every field of study, students are instructed by teachers who are world-class scientists and teachers – many are actively engaged in improving the lives of research, which contributes profoundly to the public good. As mentors, they offer ample opportunities for students and graduates studies, inspiring students to advance their skills and aspirations.

More than 600 ways to study abroad

Students take advantage of more than 600 training opportunities abroad in more than 50 countries through UAlbany and Suny networks. These valuable opportunities for young scientists to enhance their education, increasing independence and self-awareness, and gain international experience that will prepare them for today’s global marketplace.

The diversity that enriches Learning

Diverse perspectives and experiences of students and teachers, who represent 48 states and 96 countries a diversity that enriches learning UAlbany.

(Slide 17) Summary:

  1. Trends in the development of KSTU fully consistent with global trends.
  2. Colleagues from universities in the US are interested in the whole, the development of cooperation with our university for science and academic mobility.
  3. The difference – strong departments and services, complete electronic documentation.

(Slide 18) Suggestions:

  1. Trends in the development of KSTU fully consistent with global trends.
  2. Colleagues from universities in the US are interested in the whole, the development of cooperation with our university for science and academic mobility.
  3. The difference – strong departments and services, complete electronic documentation.

(Slide 18) Suggestions:

  1. Attracting high school students to CHO.
  2. Conduct an annual exhibition of the achievements of students.
  3. Increase the use of scientific youtube clips, profjritntatsii (by students).
  4. Sovershenstovanie MCM site to control the operation of existing equipment.
  5. Create a separate site and advertising on the employment of graduates.
  6. Promotion sobsnvennogo brand, including on established souvenirs.
  7. Strengthen the work with sponsors, especially with graduates.
  8. Revise existing patents with representatives of companies for their commercialization
  9. Invite specialized professors of these universities to read ways unencumbered and establishing more friendly relations.

(Slide 19) Thank you for your attention!