The article considers the relevance of studies of aquatic deposits of gas hydrates. The comparative contribution of various sources of energy in the global energy balance. Noted that hydrocarbon fuels to maintain its role in the energy balance of humanity. Expressed concern that the productivity of the producing fields of liquid and gaseous hydrocarbons is steadily decreasing. It is noted that the use of coal causes significant harm to the environment. Have to develop difficult oil and gas reservoirs in the harsh climatic conditions and at great depths. Pay attention to the significant hydrocarbon resources embodied in natural gas hydrates.